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We intend to offer insight into the manner in which the assumed marginal savanna habitat imposes stresses on chimpanzees in comparison to presumably lusher habitats considered to promote higher chimpanzee population density ( Boesch, 2009 ; Watts et al., 2012 ), thereby contributing to a better understanding of the chimpanzee ecological niche itself. Specifically, we hypothesize that the extreme and seasonal environment at Fongoli is physiologically more taxing, either overall or seasonally (or both), than less extreme and seasonal sites like Taï. As such, we predicted that biomarkers of dehydration, energetic status, and thermoregulatory stress at Fongoli (a) will be higher overall in levels of creatinine and cortisol and lower levels in c-peptide, and (b) show stronger seasonal variation than biomarkers of Taï chimpanzees. Additionally, we compare seasonal variation in environmental variables, and explore the contribution of these variables to variation in these biomarkers, with the expectation that these variables differ in their contribution to physiological constraints among the sites.

We compare our previously published dataset ( Wessling et al., 2018 ) collected at the Fongoli Savanna Chimpanzee Project (FSCP; Pruetz and Bertolani, 2009 ) field site in south-eastern Senegal (12°40′N, 12–13′W) with data collected simultaneously from two chimpanzee communities (i.e., Taï East and Taï South) at the Taï Chimpanzee Project (TCP; Outlet Original Frye Brett Sneaker Discount Reliable Cheap Sale Nicekicks Explore Online Me2692nfc
) in south-western Côte d'Ivoire (5°45′N, 7°07′W) between January 2013 and January 2014. Previously, we have demonstrated that Fongoli chimpanzees exhibit seasonal variation in biomarkers of hydration, energetic status, and thermoregulatory stress, and that this variation was best explained by expected environmental correlates ( Wessling et al., 2018 ). Nearly identical data collection protocols were followed in all three communities; below we describe key methodologies at both sites, with particular attention to the few methodological differences when they exist. A full description of methods specific to Fongoli analyses can be found in Wessling et al. (2018) .

The Fongoli community ( n = 31 individuals, 90 km 2 home range; Pruetz, 2018 ) inhabits a savanna-mosaic environment characterized by distinct annual changes in precipitation between the wet (June to September) and the dry (November to April) season, with May and October representing transitional months ( Pruetz and Bertolani, 2009 ). Temperatures at Fongoli reach as high as 48°C ( Wessling et al., 2018 ) with an average annual rainfall of 945 mm that is typically confined only to four wet season months (FSCP database, unpublished, 2005 to 2012). The two TCP communities (Taï South: n = 41 individuals, 25 km 2 home range; Taï East = 33 individuals, 28 km 2 home range; Luncz and Boesch, 2015 ) have adjacent territories located in the Taï National Park, which consists of continuous primary lowland rainforest characterized by two wet (March-June, August- November) and two dry seasons (December- February, July; Boesch and Boesch-Achermann, 2000 ). Rainfall at Taï averages 1,759 mm annually, with temperatures averaging 25. 9°C but reaching as high as 36°C ( Boesch, 2009 , this study).

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Gallery: WWE Monday Night RAW at the Smoothie King Center in New Orleans


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[email protected] , | The Times-Picayune

The Smoothie King Center will host Monday Night Raw on Sept. 10 at 6:30 p.m. with WWE superstars Ronda Rousey, Roman Reigns, Seth Rollins, Braun Strowman, Dolph Ziggler and Drew McIntyre, Finn Balor, Alexa Bliss, Sasha Banks, Bayley and Elias.

It will be the final broadcast to the world of Raw live from New Orleans for this year, WWE says in a press release.

Tickets start at $20. Visit to buy tickets.Tickets are also available at the Smoothie King Center Box Office and all Ticketmaster outlets, or call 800.745.3000.

There's no doubt WWE is popular in New Orleans. In April, WrestleMania 34set a record as the Mercedes-Benz Superdome's biggest payday to date.

"The annual pop-culture extravaganza grossed $14.1 million, surpassing the venue's previous record of $10.9 million set by WrestleMania 30 in 2014," the wrestling entertainment corporation stated.

it's so popular, reporter Doug MacCash suggests WrestleMania should stay in New Orleans forever .

WrestleMania should stay in New Orleans forever, right?

Our public officials have prepared us to suspend disbelief with ease.

Updated ; Posted

By Theodore P. Mahne,

The Times-Picayune

Few contemporary shows have earned so quickly a place in the pantheon of great American musical theater as "Ragtime." Since its premiere on Broadway in 1996, its epic scale soars across the footlights to tell the social history of pre-World War I America.

As such, it is a show filled with hope and optimism, while it also unflinchingly portrays the challenges and injustices faced by both African Americans, little more than a generation removed from slavery, and the newly arrived immigrants coming through Ellis Island. The social commentary of "Ragtime" is solidly in the tradition of such landmark musical dramas as "Show Boat," "South Pacific" and "West Side Story."

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Soon we’ll all be drinking iced coffee out of sippy cups and feeling virtuous.

By: Amy Reiter

Your days of sipping your iced coffee through a plastic straw may be numbered. Starbucks this week that it plans to do away with single-use plastic straws at all its locations worldwide by 2020, offering customers instead either a strawless lid or straw made from an alternative material to drink through, depending on the beverage.

According to the coffee giant, the environmental-sustainability-motivated switch — part of Starbucks’ $10 million initiative to embrace recyclable, compostable solutions — will eliminate the use of more than 1 billion plastic straws per year.

"For our partners and customers, this is a significant milestone to achieve our global aspiration of sustainable coffee, served to our customers in more sustainable ways,” Kevin Johnson, president and chief executive officer for Starbucks, said .

The move has been propelled, in part, by the growing consumer demand for cold beverages, which now account for more than 50 percent of all beverages sold at Starbucks in the United States; five years ago, cold beverages made up only 37 percent of Starbucks drink sales. It was hailed by environmental groups.

"Starbucks decision to phase out single-use plastic straws is a shining example of the important role that companies can play in stemming the tide of ocean plastic,” Nicholas Mallos, director of Ocean Conservancy’s Trash Free Seas program, . "With eight million metric tons of plastic entering the ocean every year, we cannot afford to let industry sit on the sidelines, and we are grateful for Starbucks leadership in this space.”

Erin Simon, director of sustainability research development and material science at World Wildlife Fund, U.S., which has partnered with Starbucks on several material waste-reduction initiatives, called Starbucks’ effort to eliminate plastic straws "forward thinking” and said the organization hoped other companies would follow its lead.

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